Note on Sources

The overwhelming majority of information for this work was taken from documents available at the genealogy site,, the newspaper archive at, and Most biographical data are based on official documents, especially U.S. Census rolls, and birth, marriage and death certificates. I have made no attempt to footnote or otherwise reference every one of these sources. When a less common authority has been used, I have included it in a footnote. Most of the sources noted below were consulted for historical context, less so for information on specific individuals or events.

Allen, Joseph. 1862. Historical Sketch of Northborough, Massachusetts, in Various Publications and Discourses. Boston: n.p.

American Genealogical Institute. 1973. The Tucker Family. Arlington, VA: American Genealogical Institute.

Andrews, Franklin. 1890. History of the Andrews Family: A Genealogy of Robert Andrews and his Descendants, 1635 to 1890. Audubon, Iowa: William F. Brinkerhoff.

Anon. 1919. “Flint Facing an Era of Prosperity.” In Automotive Industries: A Journal of Automotive Engineering and Construction. March 13, 1919, p. 608.

Anon. 2018. “History of Point Place.” At Accessed January 9, 2018.

Anon. 2004. “Toys Once Serious Industry in Toledo.” Toledo Blade, Nov. 23, 2004. Accessed January 8, 2018.

Bailey, Sarah Loring. 1880. Historical Sketches of Andover…. Boston: Houghton. Much information about the Faulkner family.

Barlow, Montague, et al. 1932. Barlow Family Records. London: Bemrose and Sons.

Berger-Knorr, Lawrence. 2005. The Pennsylvania Relations of Dwight D. Eisenhower. New Kingstown, PA: Sunbury Press.

Betlock, Lynn. 2003. “New England’s Great Migration.” A Survey of New England: 1620-1640. At Accessed: 11 February 2018.

Bigelow, Ella A. 1910. Historical Reminiscences of the Early Times in Marlborough, Massachusetts….(Marlborough, Mass: Times Publishing Company.

Bond, Henry. 1860. Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown Massachusetts…. Boston: N.E. Historic Genealogical Society.

Boucher, John N. 1906. History of Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, Pa. From: History of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. New York: The Lewis Publishing Company.

Cienmiewski, Dariusz A. 1999. “The Other Polonia. Polish Settlements in Central and Northern Wisconsin, 1850-1920.” Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Marquette University.

Cleveland, Duchess of (Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Powlett). 1889. The Battle Abbey Roll… London: John Murray. 3 vols.

Cobb, Sanford H. 1897. The Story of the Palatines: An Episode in Colonial History. Westminster, Maryland: Heritage Books.

Coleman Kent, Josiah. 1921. Northborough History. Newton, Massachusetts: Garden City Press, Inc.

Cope, Gilbert. 1871. Genealogy of the Dutton family of Pennsylvania, preceded by a history of the family in England from the time of William the Conqueror to the year 1669… West Chester, PA: F.S. Hickman.

Curtis-Wedge, Franklyn, ed. 1918. History of Clark County, Wisconsin. H.C. Cooper, Jr., & Company.

Cutter, William Richard. 1908. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company.

Cutter, William Richard. 1914. New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial… New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. Vol. IV.

Daniel, G. Payne. William Daniel of Middlesex County, Virginia. At the Internet Archive:

Daniels, J. Harrison. 1952.The Daniels Family, A Genealogical History of the Descendants of William Daniels of Dorchester and Milton, Massachusetts, 1630-1957. Baltimore, MD: n.p.

DeRose, P. Louis. 2004. Images of America: Greensburg. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing.

Dorr, Robert F. 2000. B-24 Liberator Units of the Fifteenth Air Force. Oxford, Great Britain: Osprey Publishing.

Dupont, Brandon; Drew Keeling, and Thomas Weiss. 2012. “Passenger Fares for Overseas Travel in the 19th and 20th Centuries.” Conference Paper. Annual Meeting of the Economic History Association. Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Fay, Orlin Prentice. 1898. Fay Genealogy: John Fay of Marlborough and His Descendants. Cleveland, Ohio: Press of J.B. Savage.

Flinn, Gary. 2010. Remembering Flint Michigan. Stories from Vehicle City. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

Francis, Convers. 1830. Historical Sketch of Watertown, in Massachusetts from the First settlement of the Town to the Close of its Second Century. Cambridge: E.W. Metcalf and Company.

Hall, George E. 1969. A History of Oconto Wisconsin. Oconto, WI: Oconto Publishing Corp.

Hudson, Alfred Sereno. 1889. History of Sudbury, Massachusetts. 1638-1889. Sudbury, Mass.: The Town of Sudbury.

Hudson, Charles. 1862. History of the Town of Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, from its First Settlement in 1657 to 1861… Boston: T.R. Marvin & Son.

Hurd, D. Hamilton. 1884. History of Norfolk County, Massachusetts, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: J.W. Lewis, and Co.

Ingran, W. Scott. 2005. Polish Immigrants. New York: Facts on File.

Jackson, Francis. 1854. A History of the Early Settlement of Newton, County of Middlesex, Massachusetts, from 1639 to 1800…. Boston: Stacy and Richardson.

Kent, Josiah Coleman Kent. 1921. Northborough History. Newton, Massachusetts: Garden City Press, Inc.

Mainwaring Finley, Reginald. 1868. Short History of the Mainwaring Family. London: Biblio Bazaar, LLC.

Mikoś, Susan Gibson. 2012. Poles in Wisconsin. Madison, WI: State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

Newsbit, Robert C. 1989. Wisconsin: A History. 2nd ed. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Otterness, Philip. 2006. Becoming German: The 1709 Palatine Migration to New York. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Peterson, Joyce Shaw. 1987. American Automobile Workers, 1900-1933. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Pierce, Frederick Clifton. 1895. Whitney. The Descendants of John Whitney who came from London, England to Watertown, Massachusetts in 1635. Chicago, IL: W.B. Conkey Co.

Rodrigue, Jean-Paul. 2017. “Linear Transatlantic Crossing Times, 1833-1952 (in days).” In The Geography of Transport Systems. New York: Routledge. At Accessed December 27, 2017.

Roeber, A.G. 1998. Palatines, Liberty, and Property: German Lutherans in Colonial British America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Rupp, I. Daniel. 1898. A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776… Philadelphia: Leary, Stuart, and Co.

Ryken, Leland. 1986. Worldly Saints: The Puritans as They Really Were. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House.

Seaton, Oren Andrew. 1908. The Seaton Family, with Genealogy and Biographies. Topeka, Kansas: Crane & Co. At Google Books.

Shattuck, Lemuel. 1855. Memorials of the Descendants of William Shattuck, the Progenitor of the Families in America that Have Borne His Name. Boston: Dutton and Wentworth.

Smith, Samuel Francis. 1880. History of Newton, Massachusetts. Town and City, from its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, 1630-1880. Boston: The American Logotype Company. Digital copy available on Google Books: [Many references to John Kenrick (see page 47) and descendants.]

Szabados, Stephen. 2016. Polish Immigration to America: When, Why, How and Where. Self-Published.

Teele, Albert Kendall. 1887. The History of Milton, Mass., 1640-1887. Boston: Press of Rockwell and Churchill.

Tillman, Barrett. 2014. Forgotten Fifteenth: The Daring Airmen Who Crippled Hitler’s War Machine. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing.

Tolman, George, ed. 1895. Concord Massachusetts Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1635-1850. Boston: Beacon Press.

Tucker, Ephraim. 1895. Genealogy of the Tucker Family from Various Authentic Sources. Worcester, Mass.

Tucker, Ernest Shorey, Jr. 2007. A Tucker Family History: From 1040 A.D. to 2006 A.D. Crossville, Tennessee: E.S. Tucker.

Waln-Morgan Draper, Thomas. 1900. The Bemis History and Genealogy: Being an Account, in Greater Part of the Descendants of Joseph Bemis, of Watertown, Mass. San Francisco, CA: Stanley-Taylor Company.

Ward, Andrew Henshaw. 1847. History of the Town of Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, from its Settlement in 1717 to 1829. Boston: S.G. Drake. References to Billings, Tucker, Mixer. Available via Google Books:

Ziegler-McPherson, Christina A. 2017. Selling America: Immigration Promotion and the Settlement of the American Continent 1607-1914. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

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