Inland Migration: Westward from Boston

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Haynes § Howe § Faulkner/Raymond/Marble/Shell § Daniels § Brigham & Fay § Gershom Fay & Mary Brigham § Tolman & Parkenson

As early as 1640, Pilgrim immigrants began to move westward from the Boston area. Much else was going on of historical interest during this time. Harvard University was founded by Puritan settlers in 1636.[1] Printed documents and books begin to appear in 1638-1640. America’s first town government was organized in Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1633. A 1647 law required each Massachusetts town to establish a school. Both the Maine and Maryland colonies enacted religious freedom legislation.

Colonial Towns Around Boston

The Haynes’s in America

Walter and Elizabeth Haynes’ sixth child, John Haynes (1621-1697), Bonnie Jackson’s 8th great-grandfather, was born in Sutton, Mandeville, England (about ten miles west of Salisbury), about 1621. Walter, Elizabeth and their brood of (then) nine children migrated to Massachusetts, sailing on the ship Confidence in May of 1638.[2] The family moved to the newly laid out town of Sudbury where John married Dorothy Noyes (1622-1715), daughter of Peter Noyes described just above (“The Noyes’s,” on the Early Massachusetts Settlers page), in October of 1642.

Dorothy was born in Penton-Grafton, Hampshire, England (exact date is uncertain) and baptized in the parish of Weyhill on April 23, 1627. She arrived in America in 1639. Her father, Peter, settled with his family in Sudbury, near the family of Walter Haynes, who had sailed with Peter on an earlier trip to America. Married in Sudbury, Dorothy and John had twelve children. John died in 1697, at age 76. Dorothy passed away in 1715, at the age of 93. By the way, this is the first “Dorothy” to be documented in the family genealogy.

John and Dorothy’s daughter, Mary Rachel Haynes (1647-1718), married into the Howe family in 1671 (see “The Colonial Howes,” just below), bringing an end to the Innis-Haynes surnames in the Jackson family tree.

Surname Timeline Innis to Billick

The Colonial Howes

The Howe line briefly described earlier (on the Late Middle Ages page) began with Robert Howe and James Howe, Sr., residents of Hatfield, England, an ancient town just north of London.

The early generations of Howes in New England endured a series of improbable and tragic events.

The first Howe pioneer in North America was most likely the previously-mentioned (Late Middle Ages and Renaissance page) James Howe, Sr. (1598-1702),[3] who arrived in Massachusetts with his wife, Elizabeth Dane (1611-1692), in 1635. Tradition has it that he was one of the founders of the city of Marlborough, Massachusetts.

James’ and Elizabeth’s second son, James Howe, Jr. (1633-1700) (Bonnie’s 9th great-uncle), was the husband of Elizabeth Jackson (1635-1692),[4] an unfortunate victim of the infamous Salem Witch Trials. John and Elizabeth married on April 13, 1658 (not a Friday, by the way), and set up a farm in Topsfield, a town some twenty miles north-east of Boston. They had six children.

The allegations of Elizabeth’s witchcraftery have been well documented, beginning in 1682.[5] Sometime thereafter, her husband, John, went blind. In May of 1692, Elizabeth was once again accused of witchcraft. Several young neighbor girls claimed they had been “bedeviled” by Elizabeth. Another neighbor declared she had caused his cow to go mad and drown itself. Still another claimed she had set his horse on fire. Even her brother-in-law, John Howe, testified she had put a hex on his pig, causing the sow with six piglets to leap several feet into the air, squeal and fall dead. Following these and numerous other such tales, Elizabeth was found guilty and hanged on July 19, 1692.

The first Howe who can be reliably placed among the Jackson ancestors is John Howe, Sr. (1620-1680),[6] a native of Hadnall, Shropshire, England, who arrived in New England around 1638. He was Bonnie Jackson’s 9th great-grandfather. He married Mary Martha Jones (1618?-1672) in 1640. He was a successful fur trader who learned to speak the language of the native Algonquin Indians. He is thought to be the first white settler of Marlborough, MA, probably around 1657. By most accounts, John and Mary had ten to twelve children. Their eldest son, John Howe, Jr. (1640-1676), had a heartbreaking, biography. John, Jr. was killed in an Indian raid in April of 1676. Sixteen years later, his daughter, Sarah Howe Joslin (1666-1692) and four of her children were also killed by Indians.[7] In the same encounter, her sister, Elizabeth Howe Keyes (1675-1764), was captured by the Indians and held for three years before she was ransomed in 1696.

John Howe, Sr.’s will, completed just eight days before his death, provides an interesting insight into Colonial-era life. He divided his substantial land holdings among his wife and five surviving sons (John, Jr., having perished in 1676). To each of his two daughters he bequeathed a feather bed, to the eldest, Sarah Howe Ward (1644-1707),[8] specifically “a feather bed with all appurtenances thereto, namely Sheets, Blankets, Rug or Coverlid with pillows and Pillow-drawers, Curtains and Vallins.” And to his orphan grandson, John Howe (1671-1754), he left “an ewe lamb” that had apparently been a favorite of his father’s.

Another grandson, David Howe (1674-1759), built the Red Horse Inn (also referred to as the “Howe Tavern”) in 1716. David was thus the first of the Billick-Jackson line to enter into the restaurant business. The establishment was the inspiration for Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s renowned collection of poems, Tales of the Wayside Inn (1863).[9]

John and Mary’s son, Josiah Howe (1653-1710), was born in Sudbury, Massachusetts in January 1653. He married Mary Rachel Haynes (1647-1718) in March of 1672. They were the parents of five children between 1672 and 1684.

Their eldest son, Josiah Howe (1678-1766), was born in Sudbury, Massachusetts, on December 24, 1678. He married Sarah Bigelow (1681-1713)[10] on December 14, 1706, in Marlborough, Massachusetts. Sarah passed away in March of 1713. Eight months later in November, Josiah married Mary Marble (1691-1724), the daughter of Andover residents, Joseph Marble (ca. 1650-1728) and Mary Faulkner (1649-1725?).[11]

Josiah Howe and Mary Marble had five children together. He died on September 20, 1766, in Marlborough, Massachusetts, having lived a long life of 87 years.

It was Josiah and Mary’s daughter, Sarah Howe, who married Robert Fosgate (see The Tuckers of Massachusetts page), bringing an end to the Howe name in the Jackson family tree.

Faulkner / Raymond / Marble / Shell

The Faulkners were among the founding families of the city of Andover.[12] Edmund Faulkner (1623-1686) arrived in Salem in 1639. His marriage to Dorothy Raymond (1624-1668)[13] in February of 1647 is the first marriage recorded in the town of Andover. They are Bonnie Jackson’s 8th great-grandparents. The ceremony was presided over by John Winthrop, one of the founders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Edmund’s home was burned down by Indians in 1676 and the couple’s youngest daughter Hannah Faulkner Chubb (1658-1697), Bonnie Jackson’s 8th great-aunt, was killed in an Indian skirmish along with her husband in 1697. It seems clear that Dorothy was the daughter of George Raymond (1599-1651) and Mary Shell (1593-1638).

The Raymond/Shell ancestry is a very muddled one but provides an interesting side note and another French connection in the Jackson family tree. There are variants of the surname (Raymond, Raiment, Rayment) and conflicting relationships in various family trees so any additional effort to trace the lineage is fruitless. However, the family was almost certainly of Norman heritage. The Shell lineage is similarly anarchic with little documentation or agreement on Mary Shell’s ancestors. Most sources give Mary’s grandparents as William Shelley (1518-1597) and Margaret Turner (1561-?). For both, their place of death is indicated as Somme, Picardie, on the north coast of France, across the English Channel; indicating family roots on the Continent. Indeed, although “Shelley” is commonly thought of as an English/Irish surname, it has origins in the Norman Conquest era. French forms such as Seulle, Shevels, and Sheuile appear in the earlier mentioned (see the “Trussell” section on the In the Beginning page) Battle Abbey Roll.


While there is a long and illustrious line of Daniel(s) predating the numerous Colonial settlers with this surname, no genealogy reliably links the Jackson family to them any earlier than William Daniel (sic)[14] (1625-1678), Bonnie’s 8th great-grandfather, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1658.

His wife, Katherine Greenaway (1622-1680), was among the early Puritan voyagers. She departed Plymouth, England with her father Jonathan Greenaway (1563-1659) (also spelled Greenoway, Grenaway; see Early Massachusetts Settlers page), mother and three sisters.[15] Contemporary memoires describe a seventy-day crossing on the ship “Mary and John” with a crew of 45 and some 140 passengers, plus goats, cows, chickens, pigs and all manner or supplies and family belongings. They disembarked in the Dorchester/Milton area of Massachusetts on May 30, 1630. William and Katherine ultimately inherited the Greenaway estate upon Jonathan’s death in 1659 and built a tavern along what is now Adams Street, in Milton, Massachusetts. Katherine also gained some notoriety by her teaching neighboring Indians to read. In February of 1655, a fire destroyed the family home and all their possessions. The Dorchester church took up a collection to help the couple get back on their feet.

In 1678, tragedy struck again when daughter Susanna (1646-1670), now wife of John Kingsley (1635-1698), died in childbirth. The infant survived and was apparently named after her mother, Susanna Kinglsey (1670-1750).

Still more adversity followed the Daniel family. Daughter, Mary Daniel (1653-1676), had married Jonathan Wood (1651-1676) in 1674. On February 21 of 1676, Jonathan was killed in a skirmish with the Indians, known in Medfield, Massachusetts, history as the “Sherborn Massacre.”[16] The next day Mary perished giving birth to a daughter, Silence Wood (1675-1756). Jonathan’s fourteen-year-old brother, Eleazar, was also a victim of this raid; he was scalped and left for dead but survived and lived another twenty-eight years. Here’s how one historian relates the events:

It was also early in the morning when two brothers, Jonathan and Eleazer Wood (ages 25 and 14, respectively), left their Sherbom home and traveled into Medfield to get a couple of oxen.

Crossing the Charles River near the present Route 27, they went into the barn. Once inside the barn, they heard some noises which they mistook for some of the barn animals and they began to take the oxen out of the barn. While in the act of yoking them, they were assailed by a party of Indians who were hiding in the barn. Both of them were scalped and left for dead. Their bodies were discovered after the Indians had left the town. Jonathan was dead but Eleazer was still alive and survived for some 28 years, although he lived the rest of his life in a state of depression.

Jonathan’s pregnant wife was staying in the Stonehouse and,, when the tragic news was finally brought to those staying there, his wife was immediately seized with pains of labor and soon afterwards gave birth to a daughter named Silence. Mrs. Wood, however died a few hours later and Silence became an orphan.

John Daniels (1648-1718), first son of William and Katherine, was born in Milton, Massachusetts on June 6, 1648. He married Dorothy Badcock (1652-1686) in March 1672. The couple had eleven children (including two sets of twins), several of whom perished at a young age:

  • Elizabeth (1673-1725).
  • William (1674/75-1676). Died before age 2.
  • Dorothy (1676- ) and Mary (1676-1678); twins. Both apparently died very young.
  • Mary (1678- ) and William (1678- ); twins.
  • John (1680-1685). Died at age 5.
  • Hannah (1681-ca. 1695). Died at about age 14
  • Jemimah (1683-1762). Bonnie Jackson’s 6th great-grandmother.
  • John, Jr. (1685-1765).
  • Zebediah (1686- ).

Records do not reveal the causes of these early deaths. Dorothy may have died in childbirth, as her passing occurred in the same year as the birth of her last son, Zebediah, in 1686; and there are no further genealogical, civic or church records for Zebediah. The couple’s youngest daughter, Jemima Daniels (1683-1762), was only three years old when her mother died, and it appears she was raised by her father and older siblings until John remarried in 1694 to Abigail Neale (1657-1717). John and Abigail had a daughter, another Hannah Daniel (1695-1733).

The Daniel surname in the Jackson family tree ends with Jemima’s marriage to Ebenezer Tucker in 1706. That narrative continues with Tucker, on the Union of the Tucker and Billings Lines page.

The Brigham’s and Fay’s in the Colonies

The first of the Brigham and Fay families to migrate to America were Bonnie Jackson’s 8th great-grandparents.

Thomas Brigham (1603-1653) was born in the same Holme-on-Spalding-Moor region as his ancestors (see “Amrytts & Brigham” on the Late Middle Ages page). In 1632, seeking an escape from religious persecution, he sailed on the Susan and Ellen with his cousin, Ann Crosby, her husband Simon Crosby and the Rev. Thomas Shephard, minister of their church in Buttercrumbe, Yorkshire, England. Mr. Brigham was apparently well off, immediately acquiring a fourteen-acre homestead in Cambridge. He was made a Freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Company and served various terms as a selectman and constable. He owned a windmill and a substantial portion of the town’s pigs. In about 1641 he married Mercy (1618-1693), whose maiden name is unknown.[17] The couple had five children between 1638 and 1652.

Nothing is known about the parentage of the earliest of the Fay line. David Henry Fay (1591-16??) may have been of French origin who moved first to Wales, then to North America as part of the initial and eventually extensive Huguenot emigration.[18] He is said to have been a weaver by trade; a detail that may support his French heritage as the Huguenots had a long tradition of being weavers, especially in silk. A pivotal event that impelled French Huguenots to seek safety elsewhere was the infamous August 1572 “Massacre of St. Bartholomew’s Day” wherein thousands of Huguenot Protestants were murdered by Roman Catholic zealots. David Henry Fay would have been among the early Huguenot migrants from France to England; the major flow in excess of 50,000 took place between 1670 and 1710.

Whatever his original ancestry,[19] David Henry Fay embarked from Gravesend, England, with his son, John Fay (1648-1690),[20] on May 30, 1656, and arrived in Boston on June 27, 1656, on the ship Speedwell. Other Fays –Richard, Henry, and William– preceded David to America but no records establish any interrelationship between any of them. The family moved from Sudbury to the newly incorporated town of Marlborough.

In 1668, John Fay married Thomas and Mercy Brigham’s daughter, Mary Brigham (1638-1676). Due to persistent threat of Indian attacks, John moved his family to Watertown. The couple had four children (John, David, Samuel, Mary) before Mary passed away in August of 1676.

John remarried in 1678, to Susanna Shattuck (1643-1716) (widow of Joseph Morse (1637-1677), Bonnie’s 7th great-grandmother). She had seven children via her previous marriage and four more with John: David, Gershom, Ruth, Deliverance. After John’s death, she married a third time, to Thomas Brigham (1641-1717), the brother of John’s first wife.

One of Mary’s descendants,[21] Peter Bent Brigham (1807-1877), has a pivotal place in the history of medicine and Harvard University. Money he left from his estate was used to build the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital which became a research facility of the Harvard Medical School and ultimately morphed into today’s famous Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.[22]

Gershom Fay and Mary Brigham

John and Susanna Fay’s second son, and Bonnie Jackson’s 6th-great-grandfather, Gershom Fay (1681-1720), was born on October 19, 1681, in Marlborough, Massachusetts. Over time, he resided in lands that evolved into the cities of Westborough and then Northborough. He built the first sawmill in the area. He served as Constable in Marlboro in 1714 and in 1718. In 1720 he was again chosen Constable. He married Mary Brigham (1678-1751) in 1702 in his hometown. They had seven children in 17 years. He died on November 24, 1720, at the age of 39.

Students of the Old Testament may recognize the name Gershom; he was one of the sons of Moses cited in Exodus (2:22).

Mary Brigham,[23] was born on May 6, 1678, in Massachusetts. She died, perhaps in 1751, in Marlborough, Massachusetts, at the age of 74. Mary became famous in the history of Marlborough for her role in an Indian attack in 1707. Here is the story as recounted in a 19th-century history of the town (Hudson 1862, pp. 106-07):

On 18 Aug 1707 Mrs Mary Fay, two of her children, and Miss Mary Goodnow (daughter of Samuel Goodnow) were gathering herbs in a meadow when they saw twenty or more Indian warriors stealthily approaching. They immediately ran for the fortified home of Samuel Goodnow. Mrs Fay, who was six months pregnant, and her children succeeded in reaching it and closing the gate before their pursuers could overtake them. There was only one man in the garrison at the time; the rest of the men were at work in the field. The savages attempted to break through the enclosure, but were repelled by the heroic defenders inside. Mrs. Fay loaded the muskets, handing them to her male companion who was able to maintain constant fire upon the enemy. Hearing the gunfire, the men in the field returned and the enemy retreated.

Miss Mary Goodnow, being lame from birth, could not escape her pursuers. She was overtaken, seized, and dragged into the woods.

That same day the Indians surprised and took two men who were laboring in the field: Jonathan Wilder, a native of Lancaster, and Daniel Howe of Marlborough. Daniel was able to escape by seizing a rifle from one of the Indians and breaking it over his head; Jonathan was killed.

The next day Capt. Thomas Howe of Marlborough and about twenty men pursued the Indians. They were joined by another twenty or so men from Lancaster. They overtook the enemy, who now numbered thirty-six. A battle ensued in which two white men (John Farren and Richard Singeltary) and ten to twelve Indians died. The packs of the Indians fell into the hands of the whites. In one of them was the scalp of Miss Mary Goodnow. A few days later her mangled body was found and buried.

On 18 Nov 1707, Mrs Mary Fay gave birth to a daughter she named Susanna. The child was afflicted with a constant nervous trembling. At the time it was supposed that the cause of her condition was the fright her mother experienced earlier that year.

Tragedy followed the Fay-Brigham union two generations later. Gershom and Mary’s grandson, Joseph Fay (1738-1777), was a Revolutionary War volunteer in the Third New Hampshire Regiment. He suffered a serious bullet wound to the thigh in the Second Battle of Stillwater, NY, in October of 1777. He was sent to a hospital in Albany where the leg was amputated. But the grizzly amputation failed to heal and Joseph blead to death on November 2, 1777.

It’s worth noting that numerous other Fay relatives and descendants were soldiers, serving in the French and Indian War, the Revolutionary War, and the Civil War.

The Fay surname in the Jackson line ended with the marriage of Sarah Fay to Thomas Billings in 1731 (see “Billings’s,” on the Early Massachusetts Settlers page).

Thomas Tolman and Sarah Parkenson

The Tolman[24] and Parkenson names make only a brief appearance in the Jackson ancestry. They are traceable back at least into the early 1500s.

Thomas and Sarah are Bonita Jackson’s 8th great-grandparents.

The first North American Tolman was clearly Thomas Tolman (1608-1690), probably born 6 Dec 1608 at Lancaster, Lancashire, England. There is much uncertainty about exactly when Thomas arrived in the Massachusetts Colony, but the best estimate is 1635 or 1636. Thomas married Sarah Parkenson (1612-1677), [25] probably in 1633. The couple had seven children.

Sarah died on November 7, 1677, in Dorchester, Massachusetts, at the age of 65.

Thomas died on January 18, 1689, in Dorchester, Massachusetts, at age 80. He was buried at Canton Corner Cemetery, Canton, Suffolk (now Norfolk), Massachusetts, about 13 miles from downtown Boston.

The marriage of Thomas and Sarah’s daughter, Rebecca Tolman (1647-1717), to James Tucker (see The Tuckers of Massachusetts page) unites her with the long line of Tuckers, leading to Adelaide, Bonita Jackson’s great grandmother.

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[1] As were other venerable “Ivies,” Yale and Dartmouth.
[2] The Find-A-Grave web site, provides a slightly different chronology for John’s arrival in New England. Their tenth child was born in America around 1640.
[3] James’ birth year is not certain; sources give between 1598 and 1606
[4] To be clear, accused-witch Elizabeth was a sister-in-law by marriage of Bonnie Jackson’s 9th great-grandmother, Mary Martha Jones; so a pretty indirect family relationship.
[5] An easy-to-read summary is “Elizabeth Howe: Innocent Mother or Horse Witch?” in History of Massachusetts Blog at
[6] One of the Howes for whom biographical details are muddy. One finds at least three different birth dates, for example: 1602, 1615 and 1620. Many other facts are, however, the same. Some genealogists stress that this John Howe was not the son of James Howe of Roxbury and Ipswich. As one of the early immigrants to Sudbury he was sometimes referred to as “John of Sudbury.” He is a supposed descendant of Sir Charles Howe of Lancaster, in the court of Charles I.
[7] Sara’s husband, Peter Joslin (1666-1759), married again and his second wife and her children were also killed in an Indian raid! Seventeenth-century records for Lancaster, Massachusetts, are filled with accounts of Indian massacres that occurred as part of “King Philip’s War” wherein the British used alliances with the Wampanoag and Narragansett tribes to quell unruly Colonists.
[8] This is indeed another Sarah. Both John Howe senior and junior had daughters named Sarah and Elizabeth. And…, grandson John also named two of his seven daughters Elizabeth and Sarah.
[9] The Inn, of course, has its own Web site:
[10] Sarah could likely be a distant descendant of the “Baguley” family, dating back to the 13th century. See Bigelow, 1910, p. 123 (in Sources).
[11] Mary Faulkner Marble was a relative of the unfortunate Abigail Dane Faulkner (1652-1730) who was accused of witchcraft in 1692 as were her sister, sister-in-law, two daughters, two nieces and a nephew. None of them were executed and Abigail was eventually exonerated.
[12] There are many references to the early Faulkners of Andover in Sarah Bailey’s Historical Sketches of Andover; see Sources. The surname has several variants: Fawconer, Fawkner, Falconer, Faulconer.
[13] Some records refer to her as Dorothy Robinson or Robyns, her first husband’s surname.
[14] Spelling variations include Daniel, Daniels, Daniells, Danil, etc. There is much confusion/uncertainty regarding this William Daniel and another, Captain William Daniel (1625-1696/98). The genealogical records for them are, at this point, hopelessly commingled making it impossible to determine if they are one or two different individuals. I believe, however, that Captain Daniel is from the Virginia branch of the Daniel family and was born in Manchester. “Several years of professional research has failed to turn up any proof of William’s origins. [The date of birth for William is traditionally given as anywhere from 1625-1630. This is totally unfounded and started from the mix-up by early writers of William of Middlesex with the Williams of Over Tabley, of Wigan, etc., all of which are completely disproved.”] See Daniel, G. Payne in the Sources.
[15] Much of the biographical detail about William Daniel and his family comes from Daniels 1952 (see Sources).
[16] In spite of the regional notoriety of this incident, little is known about the Native peoples involved. Experts are not even certain about which tribe might have carried out the attack.
[17] In many genealogies she is referred to as Mary or Mercy Hurd or Hunt. It has been determined that neither of these is Mercy’s maiden name. She married twice following Thomas’s death; to Edmund Rice in about 1656, and then to William Hunt 1664, and is thus sometimes referred to in genealogies as Mercy Hunt.
[18] Huguenot immigrants to North America settled mostly in New York but communities also grew up in Pennsylvania, Virginia, South Carolina, and Massachusetts, principally in the area around modern-day Oxford; there, they built a fortification known as “Huguenot Fort” (built 1694), the remnants of which today are among the National Register of Historic Places.
[19] I am suspicious regarding Henry David Fay as the father of John. If the birth dates are correct, Henry David would have been 57 years old when his son was born; the oldest father in this record.
[20] In some genealogies, referred to as “John Fay I” or “John Fay, The Immigrant.”
[21] And Bonnie Jackson’s 7th great-uncle.
[22] Brigham and Women’s Hospital is one of the most extensive medical research facilities in the world with annual research expenditures in excess of $630 million.
[23] This is the niece of Mary Brigham (1638-1676) who married David Fay, a few paragraphs above.
[24] Variants are Towmng, Touleman, Toulmin, Toldman, and Dolman.
[25] Parkenson or Parkinson.
{last update: 1-Mar-2020}